Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that studies problems related to the position of teeth, dentition and bite. The goal of orthodontic treatment is to improve aesthetics, normalize function and stabilize the result already obtained.
For orthodontic treatment, both removable and non-removable structures are used. Removable appliances include retainers and mouthguards, while fixed appliances include braces, which can be metal, ceramic, self-ligating, or lingual.
Metal braces are the most common and affordable design. They are fastened firmly and securely fixed on the outer surface of the tooth.
The advantage of ceramic braces is their aesthetics, they repeat the color of the tooth and are therefore noticeable. They are also referred to as vestibular type braces.
Fixation of lingual braces occurs on the inner surface of the tooth and is used for relatively mild occlusal anomalies.
Self-ligating braces are designed for vestibular fixation. Treatment is carried out by constant, but weakly acting forces. They are more comfortable and their hygiene is greatly simplified.
The duration of orthodontic treatment depends on the severity of the anomaly, starting from 6 months and can last up to 4 years.
The procedure has no contraindications, but it is important to follow the rules of hygiene, diet and doctor's instructions. Treatment can be started at the age of 6-7 years and carried out after 40 years.
Fixation of braces is a painless process and is not associated with discomfort. Braces are attached to all teeth in turn without any treatment of tooth enamel.
Properly planned orthodontic treatment has no contraindications. The procedure is painless for the patient and immediately after its completion returns to the normal rhythm of life.